Creation of questions, positive and negative sentences, short answers in present simple:

We distunguish three types of the creating:

  • The first type is the verb be where we create everything only with changing of the verbs position.

  • The second type is the verb have got which we use in the sentence in very similar way as „be“. In the question we put „have“ in front of the subject and „got“ behind the subject, the negative question we create with adding „not“ to „have“. Be careful about creating short answers because we use there only the verb „have“ – never the part „got“! In the third person of the singular we have to change the verb „have“ to „has“.

  • The third type represents all other verbs (excluding „have got“ and „be“). In such sentences we have to use auxiliary verb „do“ in questions in front of the subject, in negative sentence with „not“ and to short answers. The third person of the singular takes to the verb „-s“ and that is why we use in the third person „does“ instead of „do“.

  

The difference between „have“ and „have got“

The veb „have“ is more formal and „have got“ is used more in informal way (in slang, for example).  

Attention! – Be careful about using the auxiliary verb „do“

When you want to use the sentence with main verb „do“, you have to use in the question and negative sentence the verb „do“ twice! One is the main verb of the sentence and the other is the auxiliary verb.

I do my homework every evening. Do you do your homework every evening? I don’t do my homework every evening. Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  

go, work, travel, fall, do, walk, give, make, speak, say, tell...... 

HAVE

 

 

 

HAVE GOT

 

 

 

BE

I have a cat.

 

I have got a cat.

 

I am clever.

 Do I have a cat?

 

Have I got a cat?

 

Am I clever?

I don’t have a cat.

 

I haven’t got a cat.

 

I am not clever.

Yes, I do.

 

Yes, I have.

 

Yes, I am.

No, I don’t.

 

No, I haven’t.

 

No, I am not.

 

 

 

 

 

You have a cat.

 

You have got a cat.

 

You are clever.

Do you have a cat?

 

Have you got a cat?

 

Are you clever?

You don’t have a cat.

 

You haven’t got a cat.

 

You aren’t clever.

Yes, you do.

 

Yes, you have.

 

Yes, you are.

No, you don’t.

 

No, you haven’t.

 

No, you aren’t.

 

 

 

 

 

He has a cat.

 

He has got a cat.

 

He is clever.

Does he have a cat?

 

Has he got a cat?

 

Is he clever?

He doesn’t have a cat.

 

He hasn’t got a cat.

 

He isn’t clever.

Yes, he does.

 

Yes, he has.

 

Yes, he is.

No, he doesn’t.

 

No, he hasn’t.

 

No, he isn‘t.

 

 

 

 

 

She has a cat.

 

She has got a cat.

 

She is clever.

Does she have a cat?

 

Has she got a cat?

 

Is she clever?

She doesn’t have a cat.

 

She hasn’t got a cat.

 

She isn’t lever.

Yes, she  does.

 

Yes, she has.

 

Yes, she is.

No, she doesn’t.

 

No, she hasn’t.

 

No, she isn’t.

 

 

 

 

 

We have a cat.

 

We have got a cat.

 

We are clever.

Do we have a cat?

 

Have we got a cat?

 

Are we clever?

We don’t have a cat.

 

We haven’t got a cat.

 

We aren’t clever.

Yes, we do.

 

Yes, we have.

 

Yes, we are.

No, we don’t.

 

No, we haven’t.

 

No, we aren’t.