PRESENT SIMPLE

Creation:

with „he, she, it“ -s/-es

She does her homework. Does she do her homework? She does not do her homework. Yes, she does. No, she doesn't.

 

 1. for actions which happen repeatedly

 

      (Tip: expressions which are used mainly with the simple form – every week, every Monday, often, seldom, sometimes, usually, on Saturdays, on Mondays, every century ….)

I often visit my grandparents. I do my homework every evening. I feed my dog three times a day. I go to the cinema on Sundays.

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2. time schedules, charts, lists ... - all what we can't influence

     (Tip: imagine that you are ten minutes late for the bus - will it wait for you? If it doesn't, it is present simple.)

The bus arrives at 5 pm. (The bus has to leave according to its time schedule.) The restaurant closes at 11 pm. (Waitresses of the restaurant are not interested in the fact that you are hungry. They will open when it is the time.) The school breaks for the summer holiday on Monday. The lecture starts at 8.45. The exhibition begins on Wednesday. (If you are on Wednesday still on your holiday and you want to see the exhibition during the first day, they will start without you, because you are on holiday. So you can't influence it.)


3. the action which is still true and lasts now

I work as an actor. ( I work now and I expect that I will continue in this job.) I live in Fryčovice. (I live there and I do not plan to move in future.)


4. generally known (mainly scientific) facts

The sun goes down on the West. It is chilly in the winter.


5. the description of an event which is happening right now such as a comment of the sport match

Michael passes the ball to George.

 

6. instructions

 

now you should boil it for ten minutes.

 

 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

 

 

Creation:

to be + -ing

She was reading this book whole week. Was she reading this book whole week? She wasn't reading this book whole week. Yes, she was. No, she wasn't. 

 

1. actions which are happening right now/now/at the moment/in a minue/in a second

I am reading a book at the moment. She is preparing the dinner now. He is eating his breakfast right now.

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2. to speak about plans and activities which surely happen - everything what you can influence

   (Tip: this point is the contrary to the previously mentioned point about time schedules in present simple. That means if we are able to influence the activity, we will use present continuous.)

She is having a baby in the summer. I am going to the cinema on Monday. He is working in the evening. We are having a great party in the middle of the summer. She is going on vacation in July.

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3. to talk about things which are unpleasant to us and happen quite often (always)

My mother is always telling me: Don‘t lie! My grandfather is always telling me: Don’t dare to sit on my bed.

 

4. to talk about current and temporary situations (which I know will change soon)

I am working as a clerk at the moment. (but the next month I will not do it anymore) He is living in Fryčovice. (He is planning to move.) She is living with her sister. (She lives there only temporarily before she finds her own flat.)

 

 

Note:

 

 

Some verbs are not usually used in present continuous (therefore we use them in simple form).  For example: be, know, understand, want, believe, like, see, own, owe, belong and so on.